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Data sheet: Lysmata Amboinensis “White-Banded Cleaner Shrimp”

Photo By Felice PanicoDATA SHEET

Scientific name: Lysmata Amboinensis
Common Name: White-Banded Cleaner Shrimp
Taxonomic classification
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Malachite
Subclass: Eumalacostraca
Order: Decapod
Suborder: Pleocyemata
Family: Hippolytidae
Genus: Lysmata
Species: Amboinensis

Description: They are very peaceful and sociable animals for this reason they are suitable for any type of tank. Periodically they make a mute completely changing their exoskeleton to restore missing or damaged limbs.
Coloring: L. amboinensis has a small yellow body on its back, starting from the head, two red lines and a white interposed between the two extend before the telson. On the head they have very long white antennas. Lysmata grabhami differs from Lysmata amboinensis thanks to the extension of the white line which reaches the tail or telson.

Behavior: L. amboinensis lives in groups of 2 up to 100 individuals, unlike other cleaners shrimp is the only one to have no night or twilight activity, in fact you can find it to wipe its long antennas. These shrimp create genuine “cleaning stations” where they clean up fishes from parassites  and dead skin. Fishes are informed of the presence of these cleaning stations due to the undulating motion of long white antennas.
Sexual Dimorphism: L. Amboinensis is a hermaphrodite genus therefore it is very easy to create a fertile couple. Once at sexual maturity one of the two specimens becomes female by protecting her eggs in the belly and between the pleoplodes or the back limbs.
Habitat: L. amboinensis prefers to live in caves or cracks in the rock and sometimes it is head down below the rocky balconies peaking out of its cleaning station. It is, in nature, in deep waters between 5 and 35 meters and grows up to 5 cm.
Temperatura: 24-27°C    pH:  7.5-8.5   Water hardness:  7-10°dH
Tips for breeding: A careful and long acclimatization is advisable because they are very sensitive to saline and magnesium swells (droplet acclimatization). It prefers many hiding places and holes in the rocks. There is no problem with aggressive fish compatibility due to mutual exchange of favors.
Feed: It is mainly omnivore, in fact it feeds on everything that it finds, for example: organic deposit in the interstices of SPS corals or with feed waste that is given to the fish, while in tanks without fish we advise to feed them with pads, some granule of dry food, frozen or freeze-dried food. In tanks with a strong presence of LPS (long polyploid corals) with direct feeding, ie having a large mouth where it can be fed directly, the cleaner shrimp rushes on the coral to steal the newly given food. To overcome this problem you can use a tool the “neck” of a plastic bottle that properly secured in the substrate does not allow the shrimp to steal food to the corals.
Diffusion: It extends throughout the Tropical Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea
Swimming level: It prefers the lower part of the tank, rarely moving away from its cleaning station, floating over the water only if stimulated with food during meals.
Difficulty: Very easy
Reproduction: It is very difficult to reproduce L. Amboinensis in captivity, especially because of the few possibilities of catching the newly released eggs which, unfortunately, not being able to feed themselves, become food for fish and corals. If you can fish the newly released eggs, they should be placed in a growing tank with an air filter, heater and light and fed daily with live food (Zooplancton). Larvae can be saved in this way only.
Extintion risk: Not included in the IUCN red list of endangered animals.
LPS ( Large Polip Stony)
Felice Panico
Acquariofilo dall'età di 10 anni con esperienza in acquariologia dolce,marina e salmastra, appassionato di immersioni subacquee e di microscopia.
http://www.vitadibarriera.it

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